13 Ways to Plant Cabbage and Care – Cabbage is a species of Brassica oleracea L which is a tribe of cabbage, namely Brassicaceae. Cauliflower itself is a vegetable that is used by its flowers. Cauliflower itself has several nutrients which are very beneficial for the body, namely:
Vitamins A and B complex
In addition to being used as a complementary ingredient, with the many nutrients contained in cabbage, cabbage has a lot of health benefits for the body. Lots of people consume cabbage not only because it tastes good when cooked. By consuming cabbage regularly, the nutrient content in cabbage can help to form red blood cells, prevent cancer, control high blood pressure and much more. With a myriad of benefits and advantages, so many people plant and cultivate cabbage and here’s how to grow cabbage that is good and right. Unlike other plants, to grow cabbage you must know in advance the conditions for planting cabbage properly.
13 Ways to Plant Cabbage and Care (Easy)
Land Preparation Plant cabbage
To prepare the Cabbage planting area, you must clean the land to be planted from weeds first. Next step :
Loosen the soil with a plow or hoe with a depth of 20 to 40m.
Make a bed with a width of about 1m, about 20 to 30cm high.
For the length, you can adjust it to the land and give a distance to the bed with a size of about 30cm.
Measure the soil pH, if the pH of the soil is less than 5.5, do liming the soil using dolmit.
Land Fertilization Plant cabbage
After the pH of the cabbage crop lands according to the requirements of planting cabbage, the next step is fertilization:
This type of fertilizer can be in the form of organic fertilizer such as manure or compost and chemical fertilizers such as TSP, KCL, and ZA.
Sprinkle the fertilizer evenly on the beds that have been made.
For the comparison of mixing chemical and organic fertilizers as much as 2: 2: 1.
Leave the cultivated land for 2 to 3 weeks.
Plastic Mulch Installation
Adjust the width of the plastic mulch that will be attached to the width of each bed.
Installation of plastic mulch is actually not mandatory, but will facilitate maintenance and minimize weed growth if installed.
Installation must be done quickly before the soil is completely dry.
Cabbage Planting Distance
After the mulch has been installed, then make a planting hole. The right way is
Cut the mulch using scissors or easier and faster using the heated iron first.
The diameter of the hole in the mulch is about 8 to 10 cm.
Plant spacing on cabbage can be adjusted to your liking, but you should pay attention to the season when growing cabbage.
If the rainy season, then make a lesser distance so that the land is not too moist.
If the dry season, on the contrary you can make the spacing more tight.
Cabbage hatchery is different from plant hatcheries in general there are several important things that must be considered so that the seeds can sprout properly, namely:
Buy seeds in good quality agricultural stores and intact packaging.
Open the seeds and sterilize the seeds first.
How to sterilize cabbage seeds is by soaking it in a fungicide solution, or if there is no fungicide you can soak it in warm water for 15 to 30 minutes.
After the sterilization process is complete, soak the seeds using plain water for about 10 to 12 hours.
During the soaking process, choose a good seed, a seed that does not float on the surface of the water.
Remove the seeds that float and let the seeds be good, soak them to root.
Seeding Cabbage Seeds
Ways to sow cabbage seeds:
Before sowing, prepare the planting media first a week before. The planting medium is in the form of a mixture of soil and compost or cage with a ratio of 2: 1.
Prepare a polybag measuring 6x8cm or 8x10cm, and put the mixed soil into it.
Sprinkle seeds in a poly bag and in each polybag, only one to two seeds are allowed.
Cover again with thin soil on the seed surface.
Flush by spraying the seeds until they are wet then cover them with plastic mulch or place them in a room with a low capacity of sunlight.
The seeds will germinate after 3 to 4 days later.
Wait until the seeds are 25 to 30 days old to be transferred to the planting area.
Planting of Cabbage Seeds
How to grow cabbage is fairly easy. The method is:
Make a planting hole on the bed by adjusting the size of the seedling media.
Gently remove the polybag of the seedling so that the roots are not damaged.
Enter the seeds in the planting hole and then flush enough.
A good time for cabbage planting is in the afternoon.
To care for cabbage vegetable plants that need to be considered is the watering process:
When it was still the beginning of the planting period, watering tanamaan cabbage was done routinely in the morning and evening twice a day especially if the dry season had arrived.
But if the rainy season arrives, you don’t need to do the watering process.
After the cabbage plant is around 30 days old, watering is done every 2 to 3 days and adjusted to the condition of the land.
Before the plant is 2 weeks old, pay attention to all plant conditions.
If there are plants that die or grow abnormally, then do the planting.
Take and replace the plant with a new cabbage plant.
Advanced Fertilization of Cabbage Plants
Advanced fertilization should use urea, kl and za so that the cabbage plants are more fertile.
Comparison of urea fertilizer mixed with kl and za is as much as 1: 2.
The first advanced fertilization is done when the cabbage plants are 25 days after planting and the next is done every 10 to 15 days.
Weeding of cabbage plants is done 2 to 3 times every 1 season of cabbage. Do weeding between plastic mulch. And clean up the surrounding land that is overgrown with weeds.
Cabbage Plant Pests
Pests and diseases that attack cabbage plants include:
Plutella caterpillar (Plutella Xylostella L), Croci caterpillar (Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller), ground caterpillar (Agrotis ypsilon Hufn), long caterpillar (Trichoplusiana sp), and armyworm (Spodoptera sp).
Aphids (Aphis brassicae).
Black rot, soft rot, and swollen roots.
To overcome all these pests, you can do the manual method, which is to remove the infected part of the plant or by planting it. But if it feels like it can’t be overcome, then you can use pesticides as a solution.
To harvest cabbage, it’s easy. The cabbage is ready for harvest after around 60 to 90 days after planting. How to harvest them are:
You can pull it up to the roots or cut the roots using a knife or planting scissors.
Harvest carefully not to damage the flower.
After that, put it in a basket and if you want to keep it fresh, you can sprinkle just a little water.
Tips for Cultivation of Cabbage in a Pot
Materials and tools :
Cauliflower seeds are ready for planting
Planting media in the form of soil mixed fertilizer with a ratio of 1: 1
Spayer as a flush tool
Organic fertilizers such as manure or compost
Pot, the bigger the pot the better
How to plant a cabbage in a pot:
The first step, fill the pot using the soil mixture only half the fertilizer.
Add the cabbage seedlings that are ready for planting. For cabbage seedlings ready for planting, you can get them at the flower shop or seed market.
Refill the pot with mixed soil so that it covers half the stem of the cabbage plant.
Slightly solidify the soil so that the cabbage plant can stand firmly.
Flush using a spray watering until the soil conditions are slightly moist. Place the cabbage in a place that is not exposed to direct sunlight.